"Gazelle" Gas-2705>> The engine>> Engines ZMZ-4061, ЗМЗ-4063




Fig. 4.110. Engines of fashions. ЗМЗ-4061 and ЗМЗ-4063 (a kind on the left side): 1 — a drain stopper; 2 — oil картер; 3 — a final collector; 4 — an arm of a support of the engine; 5 — the crane plum of a cooling liquid; 6 — the water pump; 7 — the gauge of emergency temperature of a cooling liquid; 8 — the gauge of the index of temperature of a cooling liquid; 9 — the gauge of a temperature condition of the engine; 10 — the thermostat case; 11 — the gauge of emergency pressure of oil; 12 — the gauge of the index of pressure of oil; 13 — the index (щуп) oil level; 14 — the ignition coil




Fig. 4.112. The Cross-section of engines of fashions. ЗМЗ-4061 and ЗМЗ-4063: 1 — oil картер; 2 — the receiver of the oil pump; 3 — the oil pump; 4 — a drive of the oil pump; 5 — a gear wheel of an intermediate shaft; 6 — the block of cylinders; 7 — an inlet pipe; 8 — ventilation branch pipes; 9 — a camshaft of inlet valves; 10 — the inlet valve; 11 — a cover of valves; 12 — a camshaft of final valves; 13 — the index (щуп) oil level; 14 — a valve hydropusher; 15 — an external spring of the valve; 16 — the directing plug of the valve; 17 — the final valve; 18 — a head of the block of cylinders; 19 — a final collector; 20 — the piston; 21 — a piston finger; 22 — a rod; 23 — a cranked shaft; 24 — a rod cover; 25 — a cover of the radical bearing; 26 — a drain stopper; 27 — the pusher case; 28 — the directing plug; 29 — the jack case; 30 — a lock ring; 31 — the jack piston; 32 — the ball valve; 33 — a spring of the ball valve; 34 — the case of the ball valve; 35 — разжимная a spring




Fig. 4.111. Engines of fashions. ЗМЗ-4061 and ЗМЗ-4063 (a kind on the right side): 1 — a synchronisation disk; 2 — the synchronisation gauge; 3 — the oil filter; 4 — a starter; 5 — the detonation gauge; 6 — a tube plum of a cooling liquid from a heater; 7 — an inlet pipe; 8 — гидронатяжитель chains; 9 — the generator; 10 — a generator belt; 11 — a pulley of the water pump; 12 — a tension roller; 13 — a gasoline pump




Engines ZMZ-4061, ЗМЗ-4063 — carburettor, four-cylinder, рядные with a microprocessor control system of ignition. The general view of engines is shown on fig. 4.110, 4.111. The Cross-section of engines is shown on fig. 4.112.
The basic design features of engines are top (in a head of cylinders) an arrangement of two camshafts with installation of four valves on the cylinder (two inlet and two final), increase of degree of compression to 9,3 at the expense of the chamber of combustion with the central arrangement of a candle.
These technical decisions have allowed to raise the maximum capacity and the maximum twisting moment, to lower the expense of fuel and to reduce toxicity of the fulfilled gases.
The pig-iron block of cylinders is applied to reliability increase on the engine without the plug-in sleeves, having high rigidity and stabler backlashes in friction steams, the piston stroke to 86 mm is reduced, the weight of the piston and a piston finger is lowered, better materials are applied to a cranked shaft, rods, bolts of rods, piston fingers, etc.
Drive of camshafts — chain, two-level, with automatic hydraulic натяжителями chains; application of hydropushers клапанного the mechanism excludes necessity of adjustment of backlashes.
Application of hydraulic devices and форсировка the engine is demanded quality by oil clearings, therefore in the engine ("superfilter") of unitary use is applied полнопоточный the oil filter of the raised efficiency. The additional filtering element of the filter excludes hit of crude oil in the engine at start-up of the cold engine and a contamination of the basic filtering element.
The drive of auxiliary units (the pump of a cooling liquid and the generator) is carried out flat поликлиновым by a belt.
On the engine it is established диафрагменное coupling with эллипснонавитыми the overlays of a conducted disk having high durability.
The microprocessor control system of ignition allows to correct a corner of an advancing of ignition, including on parametre of detonations at changing power setting that allows to provide necessary indicators — мощностные, economic and toxicity of the fulfilled gases.


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